Brain Computer Interface For Interactive And Intelligent Image Search And Retrieval

Kumar, S. ; Electr. & Microelectron. Eng., Rochester Inst. of Technol., Rochester, NY, USA ; Sahin, F.
High Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies (HONET-CNS), 2013 10th International Conference on 11-13 Dec 2013


This research proposes a Brain Computer Interface as an interactive and intelligent Image Search and Retrieval tool that allows users, disabled or otherwise to browse and search for images using brain signals. The proposed BCI system implements decoding the brain state by using a non-invasive electroencephalography (EEG) signals, in combination with machine learning, artificial intelligence and automatic content and similarity analysis of images. The user can spell search queries using a mental typewriter (Hex-O-Speller), and the resulting images from the web search are shown to the user as a Rapid Serial Visual Presentations (RSVP). For each image shown, the EEG response is used by the system to recognize the user’s interests and narrow down the search results. In addition, it also adds more descriptive terms to the search query, and retrieves more specific image search results and repeats the process. As a proof of concept, a prototype system was designed to test the navigation through the interface and the Hex-o-Speller using an event-related potential(ERP) detection and classification system. The results and challenges faced were noted and analyzed.